Information compiled by Carol Ann McCormick
and Lin Fredericksen, State Archives Division,
Kansas Historical Society, Topeka, Kansas
The University of North Carolina Herbarium
(NCU) has catalogued about 80 specimens collected by Elam Bartholomew. As we continue to catalog our micro-fungi,
it is likely that more will be found.
NCU’s mycological collections are being catalogued using funds
supplied by the National Science Foundation.
A searchable database of NCU’s mycological specimens can be found at www.mycoportal.org
Other herbaria that curate Bartholomew’s
specimens include the Ada Hayden Herbarium of Iowa State University (ISC),
the Arthur Fungarium of Purdue University (PUR),
the Bell Museum of Natural History Herbarium Fungal Collection at the
University of Minnesota (MIN), Brown University Herbarium (BRU), the Center
for Forest Mycology Research of the United States Department of Agriculture
(CFMR), the Chrysler Herbarium of Rutgers University (CHRB), Cornell Plant
Pathology Herbarium (CUP), the Farlow Herbarium of Harvard University (FH),
Field Museum (F), New York Botanical Garden (NY), Oregon State University
Herbarium (OSC), the United States National Fungal Collection (BPI).
Elam Bartholomew spent the last years of his
life as a curator at the Fort Hays Kansas State College, and the herbarium is
named in his honor and continues to curate many of his specimens. The Elam Bartholomew Herbarium of the
Sternberg Museum of Natural History at Fort Hays State University in Hays,
Kansas (FHKSC) was founded in 1929 and has vascular plants of the Great
Plains, rust fungi, and Tertiary fossil Poaceae.
Selected publications by Bartholomew:
Bartholomew, Elam (1897-1898) The
Transactions of the
Annual Meetings of the Kansas Academy of Science 16: 168-196.
----- (1899) The Plant Rusts of Kansas [incomplete
----- (1901-1907) Fungi Columbiana [incomplete reference]
----- (1921) Edible mushrooms of
Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy
of Science 30: 174-179.
----- (1927?) Handbook of the North American Uredinales [incomplete reference]
----- (1927) The Fungus Flora of
Kansas [Ph.D. thesis?]
----- (1928) North
American Plant Rusts [republished 1933?]
Additions to “The Fungous of Kansas.” Transactions of the Kansas Academy
of Science 33: 82-83.
----- (1933) Second
List of Additions to the Fungous Flora of Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy
of Science 36: 71.
Elam Bartholomew’s diaries have
been digitized by Kansas Memory.
The following information is from the Kansas Historical
Society’s webpage on Elam Bartholomew:
Born: June 9, 1852, Strasburgh,
Pennsylvania. Married: Rachel Isabel Montgomery, June 14, 1876.
Died: November 18, 1934, Hays, Kansas.
Elam Bartholomew was born June 9, 1852, in Strasburgh,
Pennsylvania. In 1854 the family moved to Granville, Ohio, and in 1865 to
Farmington, Illinois. Bartholomew was interested in natural sciences and in
1873 began teaching school in a nearby district. In 1874 he moved to Kansas,
homesteading on 160 acres in Boy Creek Valley, Rooks County. In Farmington,
Illinois, Bartholomew married Rachel Isabel Montgomery, June 14, 1876,
returned to the Rooks County homestead where they lived in a sod house. They
remained on the homestead until 1929, raising seven children. He was a school
and town officer, was an elder in the Presbyterian Church and was a clerk of
the district court of the county.
Bartholomew became a well-known horticulturalist and botanist
who understood the significance of fungi as the cause of plant diseases.
Although Bartholomew had no formal college education, Kansas State University
conferred an honorary degree of master of science in 1898,
and a doctoral of science degree in 1927. That year he published The
Fungus Flora of Kansas, listing
1,829 species in Kansas, only 465 had previously been identified. He
published North American Plant Rusts in 1928, considered his most
important work, which was republished in 1933. His diary,
from 1877 to 1880, reflects his active participation in Republican
Party politics, local government, his church, farm organizations, and
experimental farming. He served as curator of the mycological museum at Fort
Hays Kansas State College.
Bartholomew died November 18, 1934, and is buried in Hays,
Kansas. After his death, his original herbarium of about 40,000 specimens was
acquired by Harvard University.
Entry: Bartholomew, Elam
Author: Kansas Historical Society
Author information: The Kansas Historical Society is a state
agency charged with actively safeguarding and sharing the state's history.
Date Created: June 2014
Date Modified: July 2014
The author of this article is solely
responsible for its content.
Specimen label for Puccinia kansensis
Ell. & Barth., collected by Elam
Bartholomew. He and J. B. Ellis described
this new species in Erythea 4: 1 (1896).