Liriodendron tulipifera flower

The University of North Carolina
A Department of the North Carolina Botanical Garden

Collectors of the UNC Herbarium
Information for this page compiled by Carol Ann McCormick, Asst. Curator, NCU

Caroline Coventry Haynes
(b. 13 April 1858 – d. 4 September 1951)

The University of North Carolina Herbarium has catalogued to date about ten specimens collected by Caroline C. Haynes; all are bryophytes.  Likely more specimens collected by Ms. Haynes will be found as we continue to catalog our collections.

Other herbaria that hold specimens collected by Ms. Haynes include:  PH, DUKE, FH & NEBC (HUH), F, IND, MO, NY, NYS, OSC, UC, UBC, FLAS, ILL, WIS, WVA, and YU & YPM.

Painting by Caroline Coventry Haynes


Excerpts from:  Sharp, Aaron J. (1955)  Caroline Coventry Haynes (1858-1951).  The Bryologist 58(2):  149-152.

Caroline Coventry Haynes was born April 13, 1858 in New York.  After finishing school in that city, she lived for several years in Paris where she studied painting under Adolphe William Bougyereau and Alfred Stevens, and later under Claude Monet.

Returning to New York in 1902 she turned her attention to cryptogamic botany, particularly hepaticology, studying under Dr. Marshall A. Howe at the New York Botanical Garden until 1910.  She bought his personal collection of hepatics which she presented in 1915 to the New York Botanical Garden at is celebration of the twentieth anniversary of its founding. 

During this period she began publishing and encouraging others to collect and study liverworts.  She became a strong advocate of the Sullivant Moss Society early in its history and founded the Hepatic Department in 1904 after being elected the first Curator of Hepatics which office she held until 1910.  She again became Acting Curator of Hepatics (1917-18) in the absence of Capt. George H. Conklin during the First World War.

… She also gave financial assistance to younger bryologists, always enacting a pledge of secrecy, and much of her philanthropy may never be known.  As an example, following the disastrous fire in 1934 at the University of Tennessee and the destruction of my personal library, she gave me a check to help in the rebuilding of my bryological library.

She remained an enthusiastic student of hepatics residing at Highlands, N.J. [New Jersey], until in her seventies when poor health forced her to cease her work…  She returned to her Park Avenue home in New York where she died on September 4, 1951. 


Painting by Caroline Coventry Haynes

Miss C. C. Haynes, Botanist, is Dead. 
Specialist in Hepaticae Study, Gave Collection to Harvard – Former Pianist, Painter 

New York Times, 7 September 1951:  28. 

Miss Caroline Coventry Haynes, a botanist who was formerly a pianist and a painter, died yesterday in her home 910 Park Avenue, after a brief illness.  Her age was 93.

Descended from Huguenot and Dutch settlers here, Miss Haynes, early in her life was a pianist of talent.  Later, she became a painter.  A resident of Paris for several years, she studied painting under Adolphe William Bougyereau and Alfred Stevens and exhibited at the Paris Salon.  Miss Haynes later came under the influence of Claude Monet, the French Impressionist. 

In 1902 she abandoned painting for cryptogamic botany.  She studied at the New York Botanical Garden for six years.  Beginning in 1903 and continuing for many years, she contributed papers, most of them illustrated by her own drawings, to scientific publications.

In many parts of the United States, Miss Haynes collected Hepaticae, small, often mosslike plants, which she described in her writings.  Dr. Franz Verdoorn, the noted botanist, recently wrote that “there have been few American botanists who contributed as much to North American hepaticology as Miss Haynes did.”  In 1942, she presented most of her collections to Harvard University.

Although not a collector in recent years because of her age, she continued her interest in botany and maintained a large correspondence on the subject.

She was a founder and former president of the National Association of Women Artists, a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of the Archaeological Institute of America, American Water Color Society, Horticultural Society of New York, Botanical Society of America and several charitable groups. 

 PUBLICATIONS (partial list):

Haynes, Caroline C. (1927)  Some Virginian Hepaticae identified by Caroline Coventry Haynes.  The Bryologist 30(3):  39-43.
Haynes, Caroline Coventry and Alexander W. Evans (1925)  Sullivant Moss Society exchange list of Hepaticae found in the United States.  The Bryologist 28(6):  79-82.
Haynes, Caroline C.  (1920)  Illustrations of six species of Riccia, with the original descriptions.  Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 47(7):  279-287.
Haynes, Caroline Coventry and Alexander W. Evans (1918)  Sullivant Moss Society exchange list of Hepaticae found in the United States, Canada and Arctic America.  The Bryologist 21(6):  87-90.
Haynes, Caroline C. (1915)  Hepaticae collected in Florida by Severin Rapp.  The Bryologist 18(2)  19-22.
McLean, Forman T., E.D. Merrill, H.H. Rusby, J.K. Small, N.L. Britton, Helen M. Trelease and Caroline C. Haynes.  Proceedings of the Club.  Torreya 32(1):  18-27.
Britton, Elizabeth G., Edward B. Chamberlain, George B. Kaiser, Caroline C. Haynes and Charles C. Plitt (191)  Annual Reports:  Sullivant Moss Society 1918.  The Bryologist 22(1):  5-11.
Haynes, Caroline C.  (1919)  List of French Hepaticae collected by Major George H. Conklin, M.R.C.  The Bryologist 22(3):  27.
Britton, Elizabeth G., Annie Morril Smith, Edward B. Chamberlain, G.N. Best, George H. Conklin, Alexander W. Evans, A.J. Grout, Caroline C. Haynes, J.M. Holzinger, Marshall A. Howe, George B. Kaiser, O.E. Jennings, Annie Lorenz, George E. Nichols, Charles C. Plitt, L.W. Riddle and R.S. Williams (1919)  Resolutions upon the loss of the collections and library of M. Jules Cardot.  The Bryologist 22(6):  87-88.
Haynes, Caroline Coventry (1909)  An enumeration of the Washington and Oregon Hepaticae collected by Mr. A. S. Foster, 1904-1909.  The Bryologist 12(4):  65-71.
Haynes, Caroline C. (1905)  Notes on a colony of hepatics found associated on a dead fungus.  The Bryologist 8:  31-32. 
Haynes, Caroline C. (1904)  In charge of hepatics.  The Bryologist 7:  99.




1.  University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Alumni Records.

2.  Find A Grave.
accessed on 15 January 2015.

3.  George E. Carpenter Obituary.  Obits for Life.  accessed on 15 January 2015.

4.  Carol Bissett  accessed on 15 January 2015.

   Curriculum in Ecology                 North Carolina Botanical Garden               Biology Department
      Curriculum                               North Carolina                                 UNC

         In Ecology                              Botanical Garden                   Biology Department


University of North Carolina Herbarium
CB# 3280, Coker Hall
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3280
phone: (919) 962-6931
fax: (919) 962-6930

Last Updated: 8 January 2015