The University of North Carolina Herbarium
(NCU) has catalogued about 100 specimens collected by Edward Willet Dorland Holway, who usually signed his specimens as “E. W. Holway” or most frequently, “E. W. D. Holway”.
As our microfungi collection is currently being
catalogued and it is very likely that more specimens collected by Holway will be found. All fungal specimens, both microfungi and macrofungi, can
be searched at mycoportal.org
Other herbaria that curate Holway’s
mycological specimens include the Ada Hayden Herbarium at Iowa State
University (ISC); the Arthur Fungarium at Purdue
University (PUR); the Bell Museum of Natural History (MINN); the Bernard Lowy
Mycological Herbarium at Louisiana State University (LSUM); Cornell Plant
Pathology Herbarium (CUP); Farlow Herbarium of Harvard University (FH; fungi
& lichens); Field Museum of Natural History (F); Gilbertson Mycological
Herbarium at the University of Arizona (ARIZ); Illinois Natural History
Survey (ILLS); Miami University Willard Sherman Turrell
Herbarium (MU); New York Botanical Garden (NY); New York State Museum (NYS);
Oregon State University Herbarium (OSC); United States National Fungus
Collections (BPI); University of Wisconsin-Madison (WIS); University of
Michigan (MICH: fungi & lichens);
Wilhelm G. Solheim Mycological Herbarium (RMS);
University of Illinois (ILL); Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel
University (PH; lichens); and University of Nebraska at Omaha (OMA: lichens).
Edward Willet Dorland Holway
Holway was born in Lenawee County, Michigan and moved “in
infancy in the prairie covered wagon” to Winnieshiek
He married Effie Aiken (? – 1917) in 1877, and together they
had two daughters. By profession Holway was a banker (rising from teller to cashier then
to vice-president) of Winneshiek County State Bank in Decorah, Iowa.1,2
Upon retirement in 1904, he moved to
Minneapolis, Minnesota and he donated his library and herbarium of 19,000
specimens to the University of Minnesota (MINN). He was given the rank of Honorary Professor
of Botany and studied Uredineae, plant rusts. “Evidence of the superlative proficiency he
acquired in [microscopy and photography] is found in a publication by the
University of Minnesota Press entitled Holway’s North American Uredineae. It appeared in five sections from 1905 to
1924, containing the history, description and distribution of 181 species
with 54 plats, 11” X 8”, each showing six lithographed photographs of spore
groupings, most of them magnified five hundred times the natural size.”1
Mountaineering became a hobby in 1901 when Holway went to the Canadian Rockies during a particularly
hot summer in Decorah, Iowa. “For the
joy of mountaineering he always returned to the Canadian Rockies,
particularly to the glaciated peaks of his “beloved Selkirks”
in the Big Bend of the Columbia River.
There he made the first known ascent of several peaks… [A] mountain
rising over ten thousand feet near the crossing of the 118 degree west
longitude and 51 degrees 30 minutes north latitude bears on map no. 237a of
the Geological Survey of Canada the name of Mt. Holway.
His name is also used for a stream discharging at last into the North
Illecillewaet River. His annual
papers, contributed from 1909 to 1918 to the Canadian Alpine Journal, vols.
II-IX, made important extensions to the knowledge of the Big Bend region. ”1 Mount Holway has an elevation of 2,679 meters and is located
near Revelstoke in British Columbia. It is the 533rd highest peak in
British Columbia. Nearby peaks include
Mt. Sissons, Mt. Anstey, Phogg
Peak, Sorcerer Mountain, Mount Baal, and Bridgeland
Holway married Mary E. Mortenson in 1918 and they
collaborated on the last volume of his North
The genus Holwaya is named in E. W. D. Holway, while the genus Holwayella is named for Mary
Mortenson Holway in recognition of her work on
South American fungi. “The descriptions of new species of fungi bearing the
name “Holway” as discoverer or describer, totaling
hundreds, were published in several scientific journals, mostly in English,
some in German… A few early examples
are cited here:
Holwaya gitantea (Peck) Durand, [collected] 1883, in Iowa
Uromyces holwayi Lagerheim, on Lilium superbum, 1889, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Puccinia holwayi Dietel, on onion, 1893, in California
Arthur, on hemlock, 1906 (1933), in Alaska
Ravenelia holwayi Dietel, 1894, in Texas
Uropyxis daleae Dietel & Holway, 1897, in
Jackson, in Feb., 1922 in Brazil” 1
E. W. D. Holway died
in Phoenix, Arizona as he was planning a trip to Ecuador. His ashes were spread in the Asulkan Valley of the Canadian Rockies.1
After E. W. D. Holway’s
death in 1923, Mary put together 25 sets of 700 species each for distribution
to herbaria as the exsiccati Reliquiae Holwayanae.
Two were sent to Japan, five to Germany, one to Stockholm, Sweden, one
to the British Museum, twelve in the United States, and four were retained by
Mary Mortenson Holway.1
PUBLICATIONS (incomplete list):
Ellis, J. B. and E. W. D. Holway (1885) New fungi from Iowa. Journal of Mycology 1: ?-?.
[Describes 15 new species of fungi collected by Holway
in vicinity of Decorah.]
Holway, E. W. D. (1905) The North American Uredineae.
Holway, E. W. D. (1906) The North American Uredineae.
Holway, E. W. D. (1907) The North American Uredineae.
Holway, E. W. D. (1913) The North American Uredineae.
Holway, E. W. D. (1924) The North American Uredineae. [completed by Mary M. Holway]
1. Dearness, J. 1946.
E. W. D. Holway, 1853-1923: A
Banker’s Avocations. Mycologica 38(3) :
accessed on 5 November 2015.
3. Butters, F. K. 1924. Edward W. D. Holway. Botanical Gazette 77(1): 115-116.
accessed on 5 November 2015.