The University of North Carolina Herbarium (NCU)
has catalogued approximately 70 fungal specimens collected by Boris I. Krawtsew. As our collection continues to be catalogued as
part of the Macrofungal Collections Consortium (MaCC), it is likely that other specimens collected by him
will be found. While his name can be
transliterated from Russian in many ways, the form most commonly seen on
labels in NCU’s collection is “Krawtsew.”
Other herbaria in North America that hold
specimens collected by him include NY (New York Botanical Garden), BPI
(United States National Fungus Collection), and MICH (University of
NCU’s fungal collection is available via mycoportal.org.
Russian mycologist Boris Ivanovich
in the Phytopathological Laboratory of The Siberian
Institute of Agriculture and Forestry, Omsk. 1929.
Image courtesy of Oleg Anatlyevich Milishchenko,
Archivist, Peter Stolypin Omsk Agrarian University
Boris Ivanovich Krawtsew was born in Omsk in 1902. Oleg Milishchenko,
archivist at the Peter Stolypin Omsk Agrarian University, has an “educated
guess” that he was the son Ivan Pavlovich Krawtsew,
a mining engineer, and Sophia Filippovna Krawtsew (Izergina), an Omsk
business woman. Boris Ivanovich was educated in Omsk and graduated from the
eighth grade of the gymnasium. Milishchenko continues, “On February 18, 1920 [Boris Ivanovich] was arrested by the Cheka [Soviet State Security] and
sentenced on 13-14 April, 1920 on charges of escaping from Soviet
power.” He was also convicted of
aiding the White Army and the government of Admiral A. V. Kolchak. “Krawtsew was
sentenced to six months in the concentration camp, but was released under an
Amnesty on May 5, 1920,” according to Milishchenko.
sister, Nadezhda Ivanovna Krawtsew,
graduated from the Siberian Institute of Agriculture and Forestry in the
1930’s and worked as a plant breeder for the Altai experimental station.
graduated from the Department of Phytopathology of the Siberian Institute of
Agriculture & Forestry** in Omsk ca. 1929. Krawtsew joined
other notable mycologists such as K. E. Murashkinsky,
N. I. Lavrov, M. K. Ziling,
and V. P. Dravert associated with that
Institute. In the 1920’s and 1930’s
the Institute sponsored research expeditions to the southern Tomsk Oblast, to
northern Kazakhstan, Khakassia, Altai, to the Sayan
mountains, and to the valleys of the Vasyugan and
worked in western Siberia and focused on fungal diseases of the economically
valuable Siberian fir (Abies sibirica).
Areas that Krawtsew collected specimens and
surveyed tree health included:
Oyrotia (known since 1937 as Gorny Altai Autonomous Region, Russian Federation)
1927: Biysk district (in the forests
of the Altai Mountains)
district (Tisulsky rayon) and Tarsky
district (Tarsky rayon & Ust-Ishim
1930-1931: in the former Kuznetsk
district within Gornaya Shoria
and Kuznetsk areas, as well as in the former Tomsk district along the Chulym
1932: in the Sayan
Mountains and in Kuznetsk Alatau (Khakass Autonomous region & former Minusinsky district)
Specimens collected by Krawtsew
were sent to the Phytopathological Laboratory of
the Siberian Institute of Agriculture & Forestry and were identified and
processed under the direction of Professor K. E. Murashkinsky.
In 1933 Krawtsew
authored “Fungal diseases of Siberian fir” (Кравцев Б.
пихты. Омск, изд.
“Unfortunately, [about] the fate of Krawtsew,
I know nothing,” says Milishchenko. North American herbaria have no specimens
collected by Krawtsew dated later than 1938.
Institute of Agriculture & Forestry became the Siberian Institute of
Agriculture in 1933. Today it is known
as the Peter Stolypin Omsk Agrarian University.
Oleg Milishchenko personal communication to
Carol Ann McCormick, dated 5 September, 2013.