The University of North Carolina Herbarium has
catalogued to date over one hundred fungi specimens collected by Kingo Miyabe. Most were collected in Japan, but NCU also
has specimens he collected in New Hampshire and Massachusetts, United States
in 1887 and specimens he collected on Grand Manan Island in New Brunswick,
Canada in 1888. It is likely we will find many more specimens collected by Kingo Miyabe as we continue to
catalog our microfungi collection. All NCU’s fungi are cataloged at the
searchable website mycoportal.org
Photo courtesy of the Hokkaido University Library
Kingo Miyabe was born in 1860 in Edo
(Tokyo) and graduated from the Sapporo Nogakko
(Sapporo Agricultural College) in 1881.3 He studied with Asa Gray and W. G.
Farlow at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts from 1886-1889.2 He earned his S.D. (Doctor of Science)
degree at Harvard University in 1889 with his thesis, “The Flora of the
Kurile Islands.” In 1889 Miyabe returned to his alma mater in Sapporo to teach,
collect and study plant pathogens. “In
1907, the year following establishment of a chair for plant pathology in
Tokyo Imperial University, a similar chair was provided in the College of
Agriculture of Tohoku Imperial University in Sapporo (afterwards re-named
Hokkaido Imperial University), and in 1920 another professorial chair was
Miyabe and Seiya Ito
occupied the two chairs, and Miyabe there trained
many plant pathologists.”3
Kohei Tomiyama writes, “When I
started my studies in phytopathology at the Hokkaido University in Sapporo,
the professors of phytopathology were S. Ito, Y. Tochinai,
and T. Fukushi.
These professors were students of professor emeritus K. Miyabe, who was about 90 years old and still worked on his
research in the herbarium every day.
He initiated one of the first courses in phytopathology in Japan in
1889. (Kotaro Shirai
started a course at Tokyo University in 1886.) Thus, I belong to the third generation of phytopathologists in Japan.
In the feudal age of Japan, peace was maintained
for about 250 years from 1615 to 1867 by the adroit policy of Tokugawa Shogunate.
However, dissatisfaction with the government policy grew during the
long term of peace. The visit to Japan
of the American squadron commanded by Admiral M.C. Perry in 1853 triggered
the Meiji Revolution in Japan. The
visit of the Americans frightened the Japanese people, who had never seen a
steam ship. The Tokugawa Shogunate could not cope with the beginning of the new
The young leaders of the new government made it
their policy to modernize Japan by introducing western culture. They sent many capable young students to
Europe and the USA to learn western culture and science. Kingo Miyabe was one of those students, and he studied botany
under W. G. Farlow at Harvard University from 1886 to 1889.”2
Miyabe became Professor Emeritus at Hokkaido Imperial
University in 1927, but was still very active in the scientific
community. He was President of the
Botanical Society of Japan in 1936, earned the Order of Culture in 1946,
became the first honorary citizen of Sapporo in 1949, and became a member of
the Japan Academy in 1950. His papers
are curated by the Hokkaido University Library.1
Photograph courtesy of Hokkaido University
Publications (an incomplete list):
Miyabe, Kingo (1889) On
the life-history of Macrosporium parisiticum
of Botany 3(9): 1-26.
Miyabe, Kingo (1890) Flora of the
Kurile Islands. Memoirs of the Boston
Society of Natural History 4(7): 203-
Batchelor, John and Kingo Miyabe (1893) Ainu economic plants. Transactions
of the Asiatic Society of Japan 21:
Miyabe, Kingo (1895) Notes on Ustilago esculenta
P. Henn. Shokubutsugaku
Miyabe, Kingo (1906) A new disease of the hop-vine caused by Peronoplasmopara humili n. sp.
Miyabe, Kingo (1913) On fungi parasitic on scale-insects found
in Formosa. J. of the College of
Agriculture, Tohoku Imperial University 5(3):
Miyabe, Kingo (1915) On the
relationship of Chrysomyxa expansa
Diet. To Peridermium piceae-hondoensis
Miyabe, Kingo, Yushun Kudo and Chusuke Suzaki (1920) Icones of
the essential forest trees of Hokkaido.
Miyabe, Kingo (1926) On the occurrence
of a certain Behring and Kurile species of Laminariaceae
in a small isolated region off the southern extremity of Saghalien. INCOMPLETE CITATION.
Miyabe, Kingo and Yushum Kudo (1930) Flora of Hokkaido and Saghalien I: Pteridophyta nd Gymnospermae. J.
of the Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido Imperial University 26(1): 1-79.
Miyabe, Kingo and Yushun Kudo (1931) Flora of Hokkaido and Saghalien II: Monocotyledoneae Typhaceae to Cyperaceae. J. of
the Faculty of Agricultyre, Hokkaido Imperial
University 26(2): 81-277.
Miyabe, Kingo and Yushun Kudo (1932) Flora of Hokkaido and Saghalien III: Monocotyledoneae Araceae to Orchidaceae. J. of
the Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido Imperial University 26(3): 279-387.
Miyabe, Kingo and Masaji Nagai (1932) Pleuropterum paradiseum, a new genus and species of Alarieae from the Northern Kuriles. Proc. of the Imperial Academy 8(4): 127-130.
Miyabe, Kingo and Masaji Nagal (1932) Cymathaere crassifolia
(Postels et Ruprecht) De
Toni from the Southern Kuriles. Proc. of the Imperial Academy 8(4): 123-126.
Miyabe, Kingo and Yushun Kudo (1934) Flora of Hokkaido and Saghalien IV: Dicotyledoneae Archichlamydeae Saururaceae-Polygonaceae.
J. of the Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaide
Imperial University 26(4): 389-528.
Miyabe, Kingo and M. Tatewaki (1936) Contributions to the flora of
Northern Japan. Trans. Sapporo Natural
History Society. INCOMPLETE REFERENCE
Miyabe, Kingo and Misao Tatewaki (1937) On the
significance of the Schmidt Line in the plant distribution in Saghalien. Proc.
of the Imperial Academy 13(1): 24-26.
Miyabe, Kingo (1957) On the Laminariaceae of Hokkaido. J. of the Sapporo Agricultural College
1. Kingo Miyabe collection. Hokkaido University Library. http://www.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/en/collections/personal/kingo-miyabe/ accessed on 10 June 2016.
Kohei (1983) Research on the hypersensitive
response. Ann. Rev. Phytopathol. 21:
3. Akai, Shigeyasu (1974) History of plant pathology in
Japan. Annual Rev.
Phytopathology. 1974.12: 13-26.