The University of North Carolina Herbarium
(NCU) has catalogued about forty plants collected by Arthur Stanley Pease. As
only about 10% of our specimens have been databased,
it is likely that more will be found as cataloguing continues. Most of
Pease's specimens held by NCU are from New Hampshire.
Pease was a scholar
of the classics and a respected amateur botanist. While Pease published
extensively in his field of expertise (see below), he also published in his
avocation. He even succeeded in publishing papers combining both -- see
"Mythology and mycology" (1947), "Notes on ancient
grafting" (1933), and "A noteworthy survival" (1923) below!
Noted botanist Merrit
Lyndon Fernald (1873-1950) was a close friend of Pease, and wrote, "how,
with such a keen interest in plants and their natural habitats, he was lured
into classical philology is beyond the comprehension of a mere botanist of
more limited horizon" (Fernald, Merritt L. 1951. Arthur
Stanley Pease, the Botanical Explorer. Harvard Studies in Classical
Philology 60: 11-21). An account of some of their adventures in the Gaspe
Peninsula in 1923 can be found here.
Fernald named Draba peasei found near Cape Rosier on the Gaspe
Peninsula, in his friend's honor:
with which it is a great pleasure to associate the name of its discoverer,
ARTHUR STANLEY PEASE, distinguished classical scholar and keen amateur
botanist, was at first identified by me as D. oligosperma
Hook. of the Rocky Mountain region and under that
name was reported by Pease, RHODORA, xxxi. 55 (1929). [Fernald, M. L. (1934) Draba in temperate northeastern America. Rhodora 36: 298-299.]
Other plants named in Pease's honor include:
Fernald -- Rhodoroa 26: 101. 1924.
Gand. -- Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 51. 1918.
Salix peasei Fernald -- Rhodora 19: 223. 1917.
Pease himself described an impressive list of taxa:
Aster puniceus L. f. albiligulatus
Pease & A.H. Moore -- Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 37: 354. 1924.
var. angustisegmentum Pease & A. H.
Moore -- Rhodora 8: 229. 1906.
(Fernald) Mackenzie ex Pease -- Proc. Bost. Soc.
Nat. Hist. xxxvii. 188. 1924.
(L.) P. Beauv. var. andinum Pease & A.H. Moore -- Rhodora 12: 75. 1910.
(L.) P. Beauv. f. ciliatum Pease & A.H. Moore -- Rhodora 12: 76. 1910.
(L.) P. Beauv. f. fernaldii Pease & A. H. Moore -- Rhodora 12: 73. 1910.
(L.) P. Beauv. f. glaucum Pease & A.H. Moore -- Rhodora 12: 71. 1910.
(L.) P. Beauv. var. gmelini Pease & A.H. Moore -- Rhodora 12: 75. 1910.
(L.) P. Beauv. var. hornemanni (W.D.J. Koch) Pease & A.H. Moore
-- Rhodora 12: 73. 1910.
(L.) P. Beauv. var. latiglume Pease & A.H. Moore -- Rhodora 12: 73. 1910.
(L.) P. Beauv. f. pilosifolium Pease -- Rhodora
12: 75. 1910.
(L.) P. Beauv. f. pringlei (Scribn.
& J. G. Sm.) Pease & A.H. Moore -- Rhodora
12: 76. 1910.
(L.) P. Beauv. f. pubescens Pease & A.H. Moore -- Rhodora 12: 71. 1910.
(L.) P. Beauv. var. tenerum Pease & A.H. Moore -- Rhodora 12: 71. 1910.
Aiton f. hirsutifolia
Pease -- Rhodora 16: 195. 1914.
(L.) Hook. var. faxonorum
Pease & A.H. Moore -- Rhodora 9: 210. 1907.
(L.) W.P.C. Barton f. atropurpurea Pease
-- Rhodora 54: 140. 1952.
A summary of Pease's scholarly life can be found in "Faculty
Minute on Arthur Stanley Pease, 1881-1964" from the Harvard Studies
in Classical Philology 69: ix-xi. The Harvard University Herbaria has a short
biography of Pease.
SELECTED PUBLICATIONS (with an
emphasis on his botanical writings)
Pease, Arthur Stanley (1902) Hieracium
praealtum at Andover, Massachusetts. Rhodora 4: 197.
---- (1902) Two new stations for Arceuthobium.
Rhodora 4: 249.
---- (1902) Erodium malacoides at Lawrence, Massachusetts. Rhodora 5: 39.
---- (1903) Genus Trisetum in Andover,
Massachusetts. Rhodora 5: 289.
---- (1904) Preliminary lists
of New England Plants XV. Rhodora 6: 85-88.
---- (1905) Notes on the accentuation of certain Generic names. Rhodora 7: 157.
---- (1906) Peculiarities of Botrychium
lanceolatum in America. 8: 229.
---- (1907) Notes
on stoning among the Greeks and Romans. Transactions and Proceedings of
the American Philological Association 38: 5-18.
---- (1907) Alpine variety of Houstonia
caerulea. Rhodora 9:
---- (1908) Four introduced plants at Cambridge, Massachusetts. Rhodora 10: 167.
---- (1908) Preliminary lists of New England Plants XV, addenda. Rhodora 10: 36.
---- (1909) Certain railroad weeds of northern New Hampshire. Rhodora 11: 30.
---- (1909) Cryptogramma stelleri in New Hampshire. Rhodora
---- (1909) A Juncus new to New England. Rhodora 11: 31.
Pease, Arthur Stanley and Albert Hanford Moore (1910) Agropyron
caninum and its North American allies. Rhodora 12: 61- 77.
Pease, Arthur Stanley (1911) The
omen of sneezing. Classical Philology 6(4): 429-443.
---- (1911) Helianthus subrhomboideus in
New Hampshire. Rhodora 13: 103.
---- (1914) A form of Potentilla tridentata. Rhodora 16:
---- (1915) Arenaria stricta in the White Mountains. Rhodora
---- (1915) A northern Solidago in the
White Mountains. Rhodora 17: 72.
---- (1917) Is Aster tardiflorus a hybrid?
Rhodora 19: 88.
---- (1917) Taraxacum ceratophorum in New England. Rhodora
---- (1918) Nuttall and Pickering in the White Mountains. Rhodora 20: 39.
---- (1920) The
son of Croesus. Classical Philology 15 (2): 201-202.
---- (1921) Gray Pine and Arbor-Vitae. Rhodora 23:
---- (1923) A
noteworthy survival. The Classical Review 37 (7/8): 165-166.
---- (1924) Vascular flora of Coos County, New Hampshire. Proceedings of the
Boston Society of Natural History 37 (3).
---- (1924) Eleocharis tuberculosa in New Hampshire. Rhodora
---- (1926) Things
without honor. Classical Philology 21 (1): 27-42.
---- (1927) The
loves of the plants. Classical Philology 22 (1): 94-98.
---- (1928) Plants new to Coos County, New Hampshire. Rhodora
---- (1928) Reports on the flora of Massachusetts I. Rhodora
---- (1929) A day in Gaspe.
Rhodora 31: 54-56.
---- (1930) Botanical notes from northern Vermont. Rhodora
---- (1930) A Carex new to New England. Rhodora 32: 258.
---- (1933) Notes
on ancient grafting. Transactions and Proceedings of the American
Philological Assoication 64: 66-76.
---- (1935) Panicum longifolium in New Hampshire. Rhodora
---- (1942) Some
aspects of invisibility. Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 53: 1-36.
---- (1943) Polygonum puritanorum in Maine. Rhodora
---- (1944) Cirsium Flodmani in New Hampshire 46: 87.
---- (1946) Sequestered vales of life. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard
University Press. [Includes accounts of his botanical ramblings with
---- (1947) Mythology
and mycology. Classical Philology 42 (4): 253.
---- (1950) Holcus mollis
in New Hampshire. Rhodora 52: 75.
---- (1951) Merritt Lyndon Fernald, 1873-1950. Rhodora
---- (1951) The New England Botanical Club a half-century ago and later. Rhodora 53: 97-105.
---- (1952) A sketch of the development of ancient botany. The Phoenix 6:
---- (1952) A color-form of Beech-drops. Rhodora
---- (1960) Calypso in New Hampshire. Rhodora
---- (1961) Campanular persistence. Rhodora 63: 29.
Schultes, Richard Evan and Arthur Stanley Pease
(1963) Generic names of orchids: their origin and meaning. New York, Academic
Pease, Arthur Stanley (1964) A flora of northern New Hampshire. Cambridge,
Massachusetts: New England Botanic Club, Inc. [Revision of the Vascular Flora
of Coos County, New Hampshire, pub. in 1924 as v. 37, no. 3 of the
Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History.]
Bean, Ralph C. (1964) Arthur Stanley Pease. Rhodora
66 (765): 3-5.
It is seldom that classical scholarship and an enduring interest in
systematic botany go hand in hand. However, these were the life interest of
Professor Arthur Stanley Pease who died January 7, 1964, after a short
Professor Pease was born at Somers, Connecticut, September 22, 1881, the son
of Theodore Claudius and Abby Frances (Cutter) Pease. He fitted for college
at Phillips Academy at Andover, Massachusetts, and while he lived in Andover
he acquainted himself with the plants which grew there as well as with the
flora of near-by towns in Essex County, Massachusetts. He graduated from
Harvard in 1902, summa cum laude, received his A.M. in 1903 and his
Ph.D. in 1906.
The following year, he devoted to travel and
study abroad, spending most of his time in Italy and Greece. From 1906 to
1909, Professor Pease was instructor in Latin at Harvard and Radcliffe. In
1909 he married Henrietta Faxon in Cohasset,
Massachusetts. There was one daughter, Henrietta, born July 14, 1912, who
married Professor Sherwood L. Washburn of Berekely,
California in 1938.
Professor Pease was appointed Assistant
Professor of Latin at the University of Illinois in 1909. He became full
professor as well as the Curator of the Classical Museum.
He went to Amherst College in Massachusetts,
in 1924, to become Professor of Latin, a position which he held until 1927,
when he was elected President of Amherst College. He continued in this office
for five years until 1932. His interest and tastes were, however, in teaching
and research, and he finally made the momentous decision to resign the
presidency of Amherst and return to his Alma Mater as Professor of Latin. He
made this change in 1932, and in 1942, he was appointed Pope Professor of
Latin at Harvard. He continued active teaching until his retirment
in 1950 when he became Professor Emeritus.
But his retirement did not bring an end to his
activities in his chosen field. In 1955 he published the first volume of an
annotated text and critical edition of Cicero's treatise "On the Nature
of the Gods." The second volume followed in 1958. More recently, during
the last two years, he collaborated with Dr. Richard Evans Schultes of the Harvard Botanical Museum in writing a
book on the Generic Names of the Orchids, which came off the press on the day
of his death.
Professor Pease received honorary degrees from
Williams, in 1931, and Amherst, in 1933. He was Trustee of Andover
Theological Seminary and of the Loeb Classical Library. Over the years he was
a member of various groups of classical scholars, among them the American
Philological Association of which he at one time was President. He had also
served as Vice-President of the American Academy of Arts and Science, as
President of Phi Beta Kappa at Illinois, at Amherst and at Harvard, and as
President of the Cambridge Book Club. He contributed many papers to classical
But, to those interested in botany, it is
Professor Pease's work in New England botany for which he will be especially
remembered. He spent much of his time between semesters in the field in the
study and identification of plants. He not only collected in New England,
but, wherever he went, he was always alert in observing the plants of that
area. He traveled widely in the United States and Canada, especially in
Newfoundland, Gaspe and the Maritinme Provinces,
and in Europe as well. He contributed greatly to our knowledge of the plants
of these regions. To the botanical friends who often went with him on these
expeditions he proved a delightful traveling companion not only because of
his knowlege of the plants but also because of his
wide general interests and his inimitable sense of humor.
In his earlier years he had built up an herbarium of over 12,000 sheets which, in 1912, he gave
to the Gray Herbarium and the herbarium of the New England Botanical Club.
Each year theafter the summers' collection would be
added to these herbaria.
For many years Professor Pease had a summer
home at Randolph, New Hampshire. He was an enthusiastic mountain climber and
was for a time President of the Randolph Mountain Club. He was also a member
of the Appalachian Mountain Club and had served as Vice-President. He
contributed articles from time to time to Appalachia. He studied the
plants of the White Mountains cirtically. This
resulted in his publication in 1924 of "The Vascular Flora of Coos
County, New Hampshire," which embodied his many years' study of the
area. The same analytical mind which made him the keen critic of the Latin
texts was used in the study and identification of the plants of the northern
New Hamshire flora. This year there is being
published an enlarged and much improved edition of this Flora which
incorporates the result of forty more years of his study in the area. As he
himself wrote, "Love of out-of-door life, particularly in the mountains,
has proved an excellent balance to the professional indoor activities."
He was a
long-time member of the New England Botanical Club which he joined in 1902
and served as President from 1934 to 1937. Articles by him appeared in Rhodora from time to tmie.
His first article was in 1902 and the last in 1961. In additmon
to his contributions in his special fields, he published, in 1946, a book of essays"Sequestered Vales of Life."