Liriodendron tulipifera flower

The University of North Carolina
Herbarium
A Department of the North Carolina Botanical Garden

 
 


Collectors of the UNC Herbarium

Gary Perlmutter
b. 16 December 1966


perlmutter3

 

Gary Perlmutter
at William B. Umstead
State Park

August 2011

Photo by Eimy Rivas Plata

The University of North Carolina Herbarium has catalogued approximately 2,700 lichen specimens collected by Gary B. Perlmutter, a volunteer associate who has acted as the de facto curator of lichens at NCU since 2005.  Specimen records are available online via the Consortium of North American Lichen Herbaria.  As this is an actively growing collection, records are frequently uploaded onto the Consortium’s webportal. 

Gary Perlmutter was born and raised in Ventura, California, and received his B.S. in Zoology from Humboldt State University in Arcata, California, 1991. During his late high school and college career, Perlmutter worked on numerous ecological projects from participating in the California Condor Recovery Program in Ventura, to assisting in a megafaunal pattern study in east-central Africa as part of the Semliki Research Expedition, to documenting relictual amphibian populations in northwestern California with the US Forest Service.  

Following college, Pelrmutter returned to his hometown and embarked in a career in environmental monitoring and compliance, working in analytical laboratories and consulting firms, sampling and testing wastewater and gas sources in the oilfields of southern California. As a side project he studied the reproductive ecology of the Laurel Sumac, Malosma laurina (Anacardiaceae), describing the breeding system of this functionally dioecious shrub. He also briefly measured the growth patterns of the local fern Pentagramma triangularis subsp. Triangularis (Pteridaceae).

It was during this time that Perlmutter became interested in lichens, but didn’t fully embark on this field until moving to Raleigh, North Carolina in 2003. In the following year he enrolled in the North Carolina Botanical Garden’s Native Plant Certificate program to study the lichen diversity of the local forests, compiling a checklist of lichens for North Carolina, reviewing the lichen collections at NCU and DUKE, and conducting field surveys and collecting trips in the Triangle and beyond.  In 2010 he earned his Certificate in Native Plant Studies from the North Carolina Botanical Garden with his thesis, Building a lichen biodiversity baseline for the piedmont of North Carolina”.

Currently employed with the North Carolina Division of Air Quality, Perlmutter surveyed the city parks of Raleigh for effects of air pollution using lichen communities on trees in 2007 in addition to his service as a compliance inspector, publishing a report in The Bryologist in 2010.  Perlmutter plans to continue this study and use it as the basis for his research in the M.S. program in Natural Sciences at North Carolina State University in the fall of 2012.  “I will test the hypothesis that certain species of lichens lie in a gradient of eutrophication sensitivity through correlation between thallus nitrogen concentrations and those in the immediate atmosphere.  If this is true, then these lichen species may be used in constructing an indicator species index for bioassessment / biomonitoring of environmental health in southeastern forests and urban forests.”

The University of North Carolina Herbarium (NCU) is Gary’s primary repository of specimens collected since 1999, now numbering over 2700. Other herbaria to which he has deposited specimens include BM, DUKE, F, FH, GZU, H, HBG, MAF, MSC, NY, PH, SBBG, UCR, USCB and USCH, plus the private herbaria of Bernard de Vries of Saskatchewan, Canada, and the Humboldt Field Research Institute in Maine.  Perlmutter continues to collect and explore the lichen biodiversity of the North Carolina Piedmont and beyond.

Information on all Gary’s specimens is available via the Consortium of North American Lichen Herbaria.

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS:

Perlmutter, G.B., J.C. Lendemer, J.G. Guccion, R.C. Harris, B.P. Hodkinson, W. Kubilius, E. Lay, H. Schaerer.  2012.  A provisional study of lichen diversity in south-central South Carolina, USA, from the 19th Tuckerman Lichen Workshop.  Opuscula Philolicheum  11:  104-119.

Perlmutter, G.B. (in review).  Lichens, lichenicolous fungi and allied fungi of Turnipseed WakeNature Preserve, North Carolina, USA. 

Perlmutter, G.B. and E. Rivas Plata.  2011.  Common lichens of North Carolina (USA), part 1.  Rapid Color Guide #343, ver. 1.  (Available online:  http://fm2.fieldmuseum.org/plantguides/rcg_intro.asp )

Perlmutter, G.B. and S.M. Studlar. 2011.  ABLS field meeting at Roan Mountain.  Submitted to Evansia 28(3):  80-83.

Perlmutter, G.B.  2011.  Mitchell’s Mill State Natural Area: river and flatrocks in Wake County.  Native Plant News: Newsletter of the N.C. Native Plant Society June-July 2011: 9-11.

Perlmutter, G.B. and C.A. McCormick.  2011.  Aux Fous: crazy about lichens.  North Carolina Botanical Garden Newsletter 39(2): 11. 

Perlmutter, G.B. and S.Q. Beeching.  2011.  A preliminary checklist of lichens and lichenicolous fungi from the Pee Dee Region, South Carolina, USA.  Evansia 28(1): 27-35.

Perlmutter, G.B.  2010.  Bioassessing air pollution effects with epiphytic lichens in Raleigh, North Carolina, U.S.A.  The Bryologist 113(1): 39-50.

Perlmutter, G.B.  2010.  Lichens surveyed in Hitchcock Woods.  Views from the Woods [newsletter of the Hitchcock Woods Foundation, Aiken, SC]  4(1):  3.

Muggia, L., C. Gueidan, G.B. Perlmutter, O.E. Eriksson and M. Grube.  2009.  Molecular data confirm the position of Flakea papillata in Verrucariaceae.  The Bryologist 112(3): 538-543.

Perlmutter, G.B.  2009.  Fall Outing in the Uwharries – up close.  Native Plant News: Newsletter of the N.C. Native Plant Society 7(5): 6-7.

Perlmutter, G.B.  2009a.  Basic Lichenology 2: Reproduction.  Bulletin of the California Lichen Society 16(1) 7-11.

Perlmutter, G.B.  2009b.  Lichens of Johnston Mill Nature Preserve, a preliminary checklist.  Native Plant News: Newsletter of the N.C. Native Plant Society 7(4): 12-15.

Perlmutter, G.B.  2009c.  Contributions to the lichen flora of North Carolina: a preliminary checklist of the lichens of the Uwharrie Mountains.  Opuscula Philolichenum 6: 65-72.

Beeching, S.Q., G.B. Perlmutter and C.J. Hansen.  2008.  Lichen checklist from the Liking Lichens Teacher Workshops at Charlie Elliott Wildlife Center, Georgia.  Evansia 25(2): 34-39.

Perlmutter, G.B.   2008.  The lichen biota of Mason Farm Biological Reserve, North Carolina.  Journal of the North Carolina Academy of Science 124(3): 82-90.

Perlmutter, G.B.  2008a.  Beatrix Potter and the lichens.  North Carolina Botanical Garden Newsletter 36(2): 8. 

Perlmutter, G.B.  2008b.  Checklist of lichens and lichenicolous fungi of South Carolina (USA).  Preliminary Version 1 January 2008. - http://www.checklists.de.

Perlmutter, G.B. and J.C. Lendemer.  2008.  Contributions to the lichen flora of North Carolina: a preliminary checklist of the lichens at William B. Umstead State Park.  Opuscula Philolichenum 5: 67-76.

Perlmutter, G.B.  2007.  A supplemental checklist of lichens in Theodore Roosevelt State Natural Area, North Carolina, USA with a note on the rare Teloschistes flavicans.  Evansia 24(4): 116-121.

Perlmutter, G.B.  2007a.  A preliminary checklist of lichens at Fort Macon State Park, North Carolina, USA.  Evansia 24(2): 25-28.

Miadlikowska, J., F. Kauff, V. Hoffstetter, E. Fraker, M. Grube, J. Hafellner,V. Reeb, B.P. Hodkinson, M. Kukwa, R. Lücking, G. Hestmark, M.G. Otalora, A. Rauhut, B. Büdel, C. Scheidegger, E. Timdal, S. Stenroos, I. Brodo, G.B. Perlmutter, D. Ertz, P. Diederich, J.C. Lendemer, E. Tripp, R. Yahr, P. May, C. Gueidan, A.E. Arnold, C. Robertson, and F. Lutzoni.  2006.  New insights into the classification and evolution of the Lecanoromycetes (Pezizomycotina, Ascomycota) from phylogenetic analyses of three ribosomal RNA- and two protein-coding genes.  Mycologia 98(6): 1088-1103.

Perlmutter, G.B.  2006.  Lichen inventory of the North Carolina Piedmont.  Castanea 71(4): 282-294.

Perlmutter, G.B.  2006a.  Flakea papillata in North America.  The Bryologist 109(4): 566-569.

Perlmutter, G.B.  2006b.  Observations of frond growth and development in Pentagramma triangularis subsp. triangularis (Pteridaceae) of southern California.  Madroño 53(1): 60-64.

Perlmutter, G.B.  2004.  Aspects of reproductive biology in the sexually dimorphic shrub Malosma laurina (Anacardiaceae).  Madroño 51(3): 292-299.

 May, C. Gueidan, A.E. Arnold, C. Robertson, and F. Lutzoni.  2006.  New insights into the classification and evolution of the Lecanoromycetes (Pezizomycotina, Ascomycota) from phylogenetic analyses of three ribosomal RNA- and two protein-coding genes.  Mycologia 98(6): 1088-1103.

Perlmutter, G.B.  2006.  Lichen inventory of the North Carolina Piedmont.  Castanea 71(4): 282-294.

Perlmutter, G.B.  2006a.  Flakea papillata in North America.  The Bryologist 109(4): 566-569.

Perlmutter, G.B.  2006b.  Observations of frond growth and development in Pentagramma triangularis subsp. triangularis (Pteridaceae) of southern California.  Madroño 53(1): 60-64.

Perlmutter, G.B.  2004.  Aspects of reproductive biology in the sexually dimorphic shrub Malosma laurina (Anacardiaceae).  Madroño 51(3): 292-299. 

Perlmutter, G.B.  1998.  Sex morph descriptions of Malosma laurina (Anacardiaceae), a polygamous species.  Phytologia 85(1): 74-79.

Perlmutter, G.B.  1997.  Reproductive response to fire by the laurel sumac, Malosma laurina (Anacardiaceae).  Madroño 44(3): 300-304.

Perlmutter, G.B.  1993.  Preliminary studies on the distribution of native mice on Santa Catalina Island.  Pp. 429-432 in F.G. Hochberg (ed.) Third California Islands Symposium: Recent Advances in Research on the California Islands.  Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History: Santa Barbara, CA.  661 pp.  ISBN 0-936494-05-0.

Perlmutter, G.B.  1992.  Environmental factors influencing roost arrival of Black-crowned Night-Herons.  Journal of Field Ornithology 63(4): 462-465.

Perlmutter, G.B.  1985.  Working with condors. Western Tanager, Los Angeles Audubon Society 51 (10): 4-5.



 

 

 

 

 


   Curriculum in Ecology                 North Carolina Botanical Garden               Biology Department
      Curriculum                               North Carolina                                 UNC

  
  
  
  
  
         In Ecology                              Botanical Garden                   Biology Department

 

University of North Carolina Herbarium
CB# 3280, Coker Hall
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3280
phone: (919) 962-6931
fax: (919) 962-6930
email: mccormickATSIGNunc.edu  
last updated:  8 August 2011