The University of North Carolina Herbarium has
catalogued 113 macrofungal specimens collected by
NCU is in the midst of cataloguing our macrofungi,
including those collected by Albert Pilat; our
collection can be searched at mycoportal.org
According to the Harvard Herbarium Index of
Botanists, PR and PRM hold Pilat’s original
herbarium and type specimens, while duplicates are held by B, BM, DAO, FH,
GH, K, MICH, OTB, PC, UPS, US and W. 1
(date & photographer unknown)
Photograph courtesy of
Arboretum Mlynany, Slovenskej
Most of the specimens collected by Pilat
in NCU’s holdings were collected in Carpatorossia. As Dr. Jan Holec,
Curator of the National Museum, Mycoloigcal
Department in the Czech Republic explains:
One of Pilat’s favorite collecting areas was the Eastern
Carpathians, a mountainous region that belonged to the former Czechoslovakia
at the time he worked in the area [ca. 1928-1938]. Officially, the region was named “Podkarpatska Rus” (later “zeme Podokarpatoruska,” Carpatorossia in Latin) at that time. The area has a complicated history. During the 20th century, it
belonged to the Austrian-Hungarian monarchy (up to 1918), the Czechoslovak
Republic (1919-1939), Hungary (1939-1944), and in 1945 was annexed to the
Soviet Union. After the break-up of
the Soviet Union, the area became a part of the independent Ukraine
(since1991), where it represents a region called “Zakarpatskay
oblast.” … [Pilat] devoted himself especially to
the lignicolous fungi growing in mountainous virgin
forests minimally influenced by man.
Such forests (mainly composed of Fagus sylvatica, Abies alba, Acer pseudoplatanus, A.
platanoides, Ulmus glabra, Picea abies) are
characteristic of the Eastern Carpathians.
Concerning the naturalness of vegetation, the Eastern Carpathians
belong to the best-preserved regions of Europe…Due to political changes after
World War II, the geographic names in the Eastern Carpthians
were transliterated into Russian, then into Ukrainian an partly also totally
renamed. Consequently, the names of Pilat’s collecting sites changed considerably, too. In present-day maps (either
Russian, Ukrainian or those translitereated
into English or other languages) it is almost impossible to find his
collecting sites… In the Mycological Department of the National Museum,
Prague (herbarium PRM), we are aware of the increasing interest in Pilat’s material collected in the Eastern Carpathians. 2
Holec and colleagues K. Prasil
(Charles University, Prague) and M. Reblova
(Institute of Botany, Czech Academy of Sciences) decided to re-locate Pilat’s collecting sites and to give present-day
Ukrainian equivalents for the names of towns, rivers, and other landmarks
noted by Pilat.
The results of this work were published in Holec,
Jan (2002) Fungi
of the Eastern Carpathians (Ukraine) – Important works by Albert Pilat, and locations of his collecting sites. Mycotaxon
EXCERPTS FROM Singer, Rolf (1975) Albert Pilat
Dr. Pilat began to study higher
fungi under the guidance of Prof. Velenovsky while
still in secondary school, became assistant in the botanical Institute of
Charles University, Prague in 1925, received his
doctor’s degree in 1926. In 1930 he joined the staff of the National Museum
in the center of Prague starting as auxiliary scientist and advanced to
become head of the Mycological Department of the Museum which he helped to
Dr. Pilat’s sudden death due to
heart failure is only one great loss in a series of disappearances of my
ecologists of approximately the same generation, all of them prominent in
their respective countries and on the international scene. It is particularly
sad for us who counted ourselves among his personal friends, working on the
same subjects, enjoying the memory of field trips with him and with his
surviving wife and nearest collaborator.
Dr. Pilat is known to American my colleges
and botanists in general through his attendance at many international
meetings, congresses and symposia where he was always admired not only for
his valuable contribution to basidiomycete taxonomy
but also for his human qualities, his broad knowledge of North American wild
trees and cultivated plants.
This wide knowledge enabled Pilat
to author a large number of works of very wide scope including a little known
but significant book on the ecology of the higher fungi, others on
horticultural plants and large, especially mycological monographs in which he
helped his co--nationals to follow the progress made elsewhere while at the
same time adding his own valuable observations. All his papers excelled by
their accompanying illustrations. Pilat himself was a very good photographer and was also
able to secure the collaboration of first-class artists such as Dermek and Ushak. No wonder that some of the best-illustrated
works were translated and published in English and German. While some of his
papers were originally published in Latin, French, and Slovakian, most were
written in Czech.
His extensive travels and the collections worked over by
him as they were received from “exotic” regions helped to widen the scope of
his work with regard to the world flora.
Pilat collected in most of the European and
some Asiatic regions (Asia Minor, Siberia, Mongolian
People’s Republic) and in North America. These collections were preserved in
the museum at Prague and contributed to the importance of the cryptogamic herbarium of that institution (PR). In
innumerable excursions, meetings and travels, Albert Pilat
was accompanied by his wife Anna Pilatova. She created and maintained the family
background and always showed sympathetic interest for her husband’s
professional activity. This became particularly important when in recent
years Albert Pilat did more and more of his work in
his home where he had a rich library at his disposal which in his will he
gave to the National Museum.
As it should be, Pilat’s work found ample recognition.
The President of the CSSR [Cechoslovak Socialist
Republic] honored him in 1969 with the highly coveted labor medal (rad prace) and the Czechoslovak Academy of sciences made him
1959 corresponding member. Even after
his disappearance, the impact of his work will continue to be felt by my
On the occasion of Albert Pilat’s
70th birthday, the Czechoslovak Scientific Society for Mycology
published a detailed biographical & bibliographic article: Herink, J. 1973. Sedmdesat let
doc. Dr. Alberta Pilata Dr. Sc., clean korrespondenta CSAV.
The genus Pilatia was named in his honor by his mentor, Josef Velenovsky.
Albert. 1929. Uber eine neue interessante
Art aus der Gattung Crepidotus Fries. Hedwigia 69:
Albert. 1930. Monograpie der europaischen Stereaceen. Hedwigia 70: 10-132.
Albert. 1930-1931. Poznamky k
nekterym druhum rodu Pleurotus [Bemerkungen zur einigen Arten der Gattung Pleurotus]. Mykologia
7(1930): 87-97, 113-121; 8(1931): 23-29.
Albert. 1931. Bolbitius reticulatus v Karpatech [Bolbitius reticulatus Persoon in den Karpathen]. Mykologia 8: 7-8.
Albert. 1933. De Porea aurea, specie Americana in montibus
Capraticis orientalibus lecta. Hedwigia 73:
Albert. 1935. Pleurotus
Fries. IN: K. Kavina and A.
Plat (eds.), Atlas des champignons de l’Europe,
vol. 2, 193 p., 80 pl., Praha.
Albert. 1936. Sure la recolte
du Pholiota albocrenulata
Peck, americain, dans les
Carpathes. Rev. Mycol.
Albert. 1938. Hymenomycetes novi vel critici
Stud. Bot. Cechoslov 1: 3-7.
Albert. 1939. Species nova carpatica
generis Flammula Fr. Bull. Soc. Mycol. France 54 : 251-252.
Pilat, Albert. 1936-1942. Polyporaceae
I., II. IN: K. Kavina and A. Pilat (eds.) Atlas des champignons de l’Europe, vol 3, 624 p. (part I: text), 374 pl. (part II: photographs), Praha.
Albert. 1940. Hymenomycetes Carpatorum orientalium. Sborn. Nar. Mus. V
Praze, Rada B, Prir. Vedy (Acta
Musei Nationalis Pragae, Ser. B), vol. 2, no. 3: 37-80.
Albert. 1941. Pleurotus diffractus Pilat, species nova carpatica. Stud.
4: p. 40, pl. 1.
Albert. 1946. Monographie des especes europeennes du genre Lentinus Fr.
IN: K. Kavina
and A. Pilat (eds.), Atlas des champignons de l’Europe, vol. 5, 46 p., 31 pl., Praha.
Albert. 1948. Monographie des especes europeennes de genre Crepidotus Fr. IN:
A. Pilat (Ed.), Atlas des champignons de l’Europe, vol. 6, 84 p., 24 pl., Praha.
Albert. 1949. Ad monographiam Crepidotorum Europaeorum Supplementum I. Stu.d Bot. Cechoslov 10: 149-154.
Albert. 1953. Hymenomycetes novi vel minus cogniti cechoslovakiae. Sborn. Nar. Mus. V
Praze, Rada B, Prir. Vedy (Acta
Musei Nationalis Pragae, Ser. B) 9:
p. 3-109, tab. 1-10.
and Otto Usak (illustrator). 1951.
Mushrooms: Their morphology,
biology, anatomy and histology with 120 color plates from watercolors. [incomplete citation]
1969. Houby Ceskoslovenska ve svem zivotnim prostredi. Academia,
p., numerous illustrations.
1968. K 65. Narozeninam
Alberta Pilata, D.Sc. Ceska
241-246. *Contains a list of Pilat’s publications prior to 1968.
1. Index of Botanists. Harvard University Herbaria.
http://kiki.huh.harvard.edu/databases/botanist_search.php?mode=details&id=2383 accessed on 27
2. Holec, Jan. 2002.
Fungi of the Eastern Carpathians (Ukraine) – Important works by Albert
Pilat, and locations of his collecting sites.Mycotaxon 38: