The University of North Carolina Herbarium
(NCU) has catalogued approximately 140 vascular plant specimens, 100 lichen specimens, and 140 moss specimens collected by Paul O. Schallert. NCU has
just begun cataloguing our mycological
collection, and Schallert specimens are represented there as well. With only about 10% of NCU's vascular plant
and 1% of the mycological collection catalogued, no doubt more specimens
collected by Schallert will be found.
Schallert was born in Watertown, Wisconsin on 5 March 1879 to
William and Fredericke Florentina
(Volkmann) Schallert. He earned a B. A. and B. S. from Marion College in Marion, Indiana, then graduated from the University of Illinois
College of Physicians & Surgeons in 1904 with M.S. and M.D. degrees.4 Schallert was an externe
at St. Mary’s of Nazareth Hospital in Chicago, Illinois from 1903 to 1904,
and an intern at Playfair Maternity Hospital in
Chicago, Illinois in 1904. He
practiced medicine in Wrightstown, Wisconsin (1904-1908), Johnson Creek,
Wisconsin (1908-1910), and Winston-Salem, North Carolina (1910-1943).4,
1 During WWII, Dr. Schallert was a First Lieutenant in the Army Medical Corps
and stationed in Seattle, Washington.5
How Schallert became
interested in botany is unclear, but he collected throughout the United
States, with particular emphasis on the area around his home in Forsyth
County, North Carolina. In 1920 Schallert bought the “David Reid House” in Winston-Salem.
Built ca. 1894, this house located at 1820 South Main Street [in 1982
was] designated a Local Historic Landmark by the Forsyth County Historic
Resources Commission. “The David Reid
House is one of the finest late 19th century Queen Anne style
dwellings in the Washington Park neighborhood, and one of only a few
remaining in Winston-Salem… In 1920, Paul O. Schallert
bought the property. Schallert was a physician and surgeon, and had an office
in the house. He was also extremely
interested in botany, teaching the subject at Salem College. He travelled extensively to collect and
identify herbal and botanical samples.
Schallert was an early pioneer in the
campaign against tobacco smoking, which was quite an unpopular stance at the
time. He left Winston-Salem in 1943 to
join the Army as a contract surgeon.
According to a specimen collected in 1947, Schallert’s
address in Winston-Salem was No. 3, Cascade Avenue [ http://storage.idigbio.org/ncu/mycology/NCU-F-0010/NCU-F-0010996__02_lg.jpg
and http://storage.idigbio.org/ncu/mycology/NCU-F-0010/NCU-F-0010996__01_lg.jpg]. Sometime after World War II, he moved to
Altamonte Springs, Seminole County, Florida.”1 Schallert
usually used "P.O. Schallert, M.D." on
specimen labels; location information on specimens is frequently “My yard” or
“Near my house.”
Schallert gave his collection of hepatics (liverworts) to Duke
University (DUKE) in the 1930's. Schallert's
correspondence with American botanists is preserved at the Botanical Research
Institute (BRIT) in Fort Worth, Texas, while other papers are held by the
University of Central Florida Libraries in Orlando, Florida.
Schallert was a member of the Boy Scouts of America, American
Association for the Advancement of Science, the Sullivant
Moss Society, the American Medical Association, the North Carolina State
Medical Society, the Forsyth County Medical Society, the American Asiatic
Society, the American Nature Association, the American Tree Society, and the
North Carolina Academy of Science.4
Schallert was a member of a
twelve-person American delegation representing the Socialist Party of North
Carolina to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in April-May of 1935; he
wrote a series of essays, “Russia:
Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow,” following this visit.7
Paul Otto Schallert
and Flora Grace Jackson were married in Bogota, Illinois on 16 May 1904. Together they had four children: Marion Vespera,
Dorothy Amaryllis, Paul Otto, Jr., and Nancy Elizabeth.2, 3,
Monique Debrule Reed
has found vascular plant specimens collected by Paul O. Schallert,
Jr. in the collections of the S.M. Tracy Herbarium (TAES) at Texas A&M University.6
Paul, Jr. (21 April 1913 – 6 March 2002) graduated from the
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill with a B.S. in Medicine, class of
1935. In 1938 he was a
research physiological chemist at the Cornell Medical School Department of
Anatomy in Lake Mohegan, New York. In
November, 1938 he took a position in the Eastern Research Laboratories of
American Cyanamid Chemical Company in Stamford, Connecticut, and in 1940 he
was assigned to American Cyanamid’s mining division in Canada. Paul, Jr. enlisted in the US Army on
January 21, 1942 and served with the ski troops in Attu and Kiska in the
Aleutian Islands. Subsequently he was
assigned to Oak Ridge, Tennessee and served as a chemist working on refining
It is possible that NCU also has specimens collected by Paul,
Jr. which were overlooked in initial cataloging.
Lofton Morrow (11 May 1917 – 5 August 2009) was born in Winston-Salem, and
was the first woman to enter the Honor’s Program at the University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill. She graduated
from UNC-CH in 1938. She received a
graduate degree in teaching in 1955 from the University of California,
Berkeley, and taught in Monterey for 21 years. She was active in the music and theater
culture of Carmel and Monterey California for her entire life.8
Schallert, P. O. (1934) Schweinitz'
collecting-ground in North Carolina. Bartonia 16:
PARTIAL LIST OF PUBLICATIONS THAT CITE
SCHALLERT SPECIMENS, OR REFER TO SCHALLERT'S PARTICIPATION IN A MEETING OR
Grout, A. J. (1923) Leucodon
julaceus (Hedw.) Sulliv.,
with flagella. The Bryologist 26(3): 30.
Evans, Alexander W. (1923) Notes on North American Hepaticae.
X. The Bryologist 26(6): 55-67 + viii.
Beals, A. T. (1927) The Philadelphia meeting of the
Sullivant Moss Society. The Bryolotist
Wherry, Edgar T. (1932) Range-extensions and other observations, 1931-1932.
American Fern Journal 22(3): 79-86.
Conard, Henry S. (1934) The moss foray at
Highlands, N.C. June 11-13, 1934. The Bryologist 37(5): 77-78.
Sayre, Geneva (1934) Decurrent leaf cells in Climacium. The Bryologist 37(5): 83-85.
Blomquist, H. L. (1936) Hepaticae
of North Carolina. The Bryologist 39(3): 49-67.
Welch, Winona H. (1936) The moss foray in North Carolina, June 13-15, 1936.
The Bryologist 39(6): 122-123.
Blomquist, H.L. (1937) Mosses of North Carolina. I.
Sphagnales. The Bryologist 40(4): 67-71.
Anderson, Lewis E. (1938) The mosses of North Carolina: II. Introduction. The
Bryologist 41(1): 1-11.
Anderson, Lewis E. (1938) The mosses of North Carolina. IV. Archidiaceae to Seligeriaceae
(concluded). The Bryologist 41(5): 118-123.
Anderson, Lewis E. (1939) The mosses of North Carolina: III. Andreaceaceae to Fissidentaceae.
The Bryologist 41(4): 82-90.
Anderson, Lewis E. (1939) The mosses of North Carolina: V. Dicranaceae to Calymperaceae.
The Bryologist 43(3): 62-70.
Berry, Edward Cain (1941) A monograph of the genus Parmelia
in North America, north of Mexico. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden
Evans, Alexander W. (1947) A study of certain North American Cladoniae. The Bryologist 50(1): 14-51.
Kucyniak, James (1949) Jungermannia
tristis and Atrichum
macmellani in Quebec. The Bryologist 52(2):
Anderson, Lewis E. (1951) The mosses of North Carolina VI. Encalyptaceae to Pottiaceae. The
Bryologist 54(3): 146-161.
Nielsen, C. S. (1956) Notes on Stigonemataceae from
Southeastern United States. Transactions of the American Microscopical
Society 75(4): 427-436.
Nielsen, C. S. and Grace C. Madsen (1956) Florida Scytonemataceae
II. American Midland Naturalist 56(1): 116-`25.
Andrews, A. LeRoy (1957) Taxonomic notes. XIII. The genus Campylium.
The Bryologist 60(2): 127-135.
Anderson, Lewis E. (1958) The mosses of North Carolina. VIII. Grimmiaceae to Orthotrichaceae.
The Bryologist 61(4): 285-313.
Anderson, Lewis E. (1958) The mosses of North Carolina: VII. Addenda and
corrections. The Bryologist 61(3): 204-213.
Matthews, James F., Lawrence S. Barden, and Christopher R. Matthews (1977)
Corrections of the chromosome number, distribution and misidentifications of
the federally endangered sunflower, Helianthus schweinitzii
T. & G. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 124(2): 198-209.
Andrus, Richard E. (1979) Sphagnum bartlettianum
in the southeastern United States. The Bryologist 82(2): 198-203.
Hong, Won Shic (1980) Hepaticae of the North Cascades Range, Washington. The
Bryologist 83(1): 94-102.
1. David Reid House. Local Historic Landmark Program. Forsyth County Historic Resources
accessed on 5
2. Yackety Yack, 1937.
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Yearbook. Ancestry.com U.S. School Yearbooks
[database on-line]. Provo, UT,
USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.
US Federal Census.
4. Thompson, Loyd and
Winfield Scott Downs (1925)
Who’s Who in American Medicine 1925. Who’s Who Publications, Inc., NY,
Meredith Tozzer, University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill Alumni Records, pers. comm. 31 January, 2017.
Monique Debrule Reed, S. M. Tracy Herbarium,
Texas A&M University, pers. comm. 31 January, 2017.
“P.O. Schallert.” In the Roy L. Morgan
Papers. The Tokyo War Crimes Trial,
Digital Collection. University of
Virginia School of Lae, Special Collections
Library. http://imtfe.law.virginia.edu/contributors/paul-otto-schallert accessed on 31 January 2017.
“Nancy Schallert Lofton Morrow” Obituary, The
Monterey Herald, 8 August, 2009. http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/montereyherald/obituary.aspx?pid=131205964
accessed on 31 January 2017.