Liriodendron tulipifera flower

The University of North Carolina
Herbarium
A Department of the North Carolina Botanical Garden

 
 


Collectors of the UNC Herbarium

Information compiled by Carol Ann McCormick, Asst. Curator, University of North Carolina Herbarium
Special thanks to Andrew Pearson & Stephanie Gardner of Bridgewater College Special Collections
for providing photographs of Dr. Silliman and information on her career at Bridgewater College.
Please contact Bridgewater College Special Collections for permission to use photographs of Dr. Silliman or Bridgewater College found on this website.
 


Frances Ernestine Silliman
14 February 1906 – 19 October 1976

The University of North Carolina Herbarium has catalogued about 60 botanical specimens collected by Frances E. Silliman.  All are from North Carolina and were collected in 1954.  As more of our collection is catalogued, without doubt more specimens collected by Dr. Silliman will be found.

Dr. Silliman staff photo, Bridgewater College 001.jpg

Frances Ernestine Silliman, Ph.D. (undated)
Photograph courtesy of Bridgewater College Special Collections

Frances Silliman was born to Arthur P. and Emma F. Silliman in Hibbing, St. Louis County, Minnesota on 14 February 1906.  Her siblings were Thomas A. (21 Sept. 1902 – 11 Nov. 1974), Paul Dwight (b. ~ 1905), Mary W. (b. ~ 1913), and Arthur P., Jr. (b. ~ 1916). (7)  Her father was a mining engineer. (5)  In 1924 Frances and her brother, Thomas, lived in Brooklyn, on the outskirts of Hibbing; both are listed as “student.” (3)

hibbing_downtown.jpg

Third Avenue, Hibbing, Minnesota ca. 1908
Minnesota Historical Society Photograph Collection

In 1928, Frances is listed in the city directory as a student residing in Sanford Hall at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis. (6)  She graduated from the University of Minnesota, College of Education with a Bachelors of Science in June, 1928. (8)

Frances Silliman had a long association with Bridgewater College in Virginia.  She taught Biology at Bridgewater College from 1944 -1946 and again from 1947-1953. (4)

Silliman earned a Masters degree in 1955 and a Ph.D. in 1957 under the direction of Dr. J.E. Adams in the Botany Department at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  The titles of her theses were “A study of a colony of hybrid oaks among the white oak group,” and “Chamaelirium luteum (L.) Gray:  a biological study.”

Chamaelirium_luteum_1-385x289.jpg

Chamaelirium luteum
photograph courtesy of Mt. Cuba Center, Delaware
http://www.mtcubacenter.org/plant-finder/details/chamaelirium-luteum/

Dr. Silliman returned to Bridgewater College and taught in the Biology Department from 1958-1973. (4)  After retiring from Bridgewater College, Dr. Silliman lived in Chapel Hill, Orange County, North Carolina, but died in Indiana in October 1976. (1)  Her obituary appeared in the Terre Haute Tribune.  She is buried in the Silliman family plot in the North Hibbing Cemetery, St. Louis County, Minnesota. (2)

 

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Dr. Silliman in her office at Bridgewater College (undated)
Photograph courtesy of Bridgewater College Special Collections


PUBLICATIONS:

Silliman, Frances E. and Robert S. Leisner (1958)  An analysis of a colony of hybrid oaks.  Am. J. Bot. 45(10):  730-736.
Silliman, Frances Ernestine (1957)  Chamaelirium luteum (L.) Gray:  a biological study.  Ph.D. thesis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Silliman, Frances Ernestine (1955)  A study of a colony of hybrid oaks among the white oak group.  M.A. thesis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

  

 SOURCES:

1.       North Carolina Dept. of Health.  North Carolina Deaths, 1976-1977.

2.       http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=SI&GSfn=f&GSpartial=1&GSbyrel=all&GSdyrel=all&GSst=25&GScntry=4&GSob=n&GSsr=81&GRid=19754189&df=all&

3.      R.L. Polk & Co.’s City Directory of Biwabik, Buhl, Chisholm, Eveleth, Gilbert, Hibbing and Virginia  1924.  The Principal Cities of the Famous Mesaba Iron Range in Northern Minnesota and a classified business directory of Duluth, an alphabetical list of all business firms and private citizens, with an encyclopedia of miscellaneous information, embracing the government of each city, the county, state and United States, and a list of all churches, postoffice department, societies, streets and avenues.  Duluth, Minnesota:  R.L. Polk & Co. Publishers.  Pg. 379 .

4.      Wayland, Francis Fry (1993) Bridgewater College:  The First Hundred Years:  1880-1980.  Lawrenceville, Virginia:  Brunswick Pub.

5.      Thirteenth Census of the United States:  1910.  State:  Minnesota.  County:  St. Louis.  Name of incorporated place:  Hibbing Village.  Enumeration District No. 235; sheet no. 36B

6.      Minneapolis City Directory Vol. LVI, 1928.  An alphabetical list of business firms, corporations and private citizens, a miscellaneous directory of the city, county and state officers, schools, etc. Also a complete classified business directory.  Minneapolis Directory Company, Publishers:  Minneapolis.

7.      Fourteenth Census of the United States:  1920.  State:  Minnesota.  County:  St. Louis.  Name of Incorporated Place:  Hibbing Village.

8.      Commencement Program, 1928.  University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.  http://conservancy.umn.edu/handle/57544

Bridgewater College 1960s.jpg

Bridgewater College ca. 1960
Photograph courtesy of Bridgewater College Special Collections 


            Curriculum in Ecology                 North Carolina Botanical Garden               Biology Department
                         Curriculum                               North Carolina                                 UNC

  
  
  
  
                             In Ecology                              Botanical Garden                   Biology Department

 

University of North Carolina Herbarium
CB# 3280, Coker Hall
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3280
phone: (919) 962-6931
fax: (919) 962-6930
email: mccormickATSIGNunc.edu  

Last Updated: 17 May 2012