Liriodendron tulipifera flower

The University of North Carolina
Herbarium
A Department of the North Carolina Botanical Garden

 
 


Collectors of the UNC Herbarium
Compiled by Carol Ann McCormick, Curator, NCU

Effie Almira Southworth Spaulding
(1860 – 1947)

The University of North Carolina Herbarium (NCU) has catalogued only two fungal specimens collected by Effie Almira Southworth Spaulding:  Uromyces fallens from Chautauqua County, New York (August, 1889), and Peronospora potentillae from Anne Arundel County, Maryland (May, 1891).  As our micro-fungi collection is cataloged it is possible that more specimens collected by Ms. Southworth Spaulding will be found.  A catalog of NCU’s fungal collection, including those collected by Effie Almira Southworth Spaulding, is available via mycoportal.org.

Other herbaria which curate fungal specimens collected by E. A. Southworth Spaulding include:  BISH (Bishop Museum), CUP (Cornell University), MSC (Michigan State University), NY (New York Botanical Garden), PUR (Purdue University), BPI (United States Natioan Fungus Collection), ARIZ (University of Arizona), UBC (University of British Columbia), UC (University of California, Berkeley), ILL (University of Illinois), NEB  (University of Nebraska State Museum), WIS (University of Wisconsin, Madison) and RMS (University of Wyoming).

University of Michigan Herbarium (MICH) has vascular plant specimens cataloged under “E. A. Southworth” from the 1880’s, and New Mexico State University Herbarium (NMC) has vascular plant specimens collected ca. 1890 by “Miss Southworth” from Seattle and Alaska.  The University of Arizona Herbarium (ARIZ) has vascualr plant specimens collected ca. 1900’s cataloged under “Mrs. Spaulding.”  University of California, Riverside Herbarium (UCR) has vascular plants she collected in the 1920-1930’s cataloged under “Effie Almira (Southworth) Spaulding.”

One of her noteworthy scientific contributions is the description of the fungus Colletotrichum gossypii Southw., a pathogen of cultivated cotton.

Effie Almira Southworth Spaulding
photograph courtesy of University Archives of the University of Southern California

The fungal genus Southworthia Ellis & Galloway, unfortunately is a nomen nudum; Southworthia floridana Ellis & Galloway is currently known as Myriangium floridanum (Ellis & Galloway) Rehm. 

Jean Ristaino and Paul Peterson of the Department of Plant Pathology at North Carolina State University have written an informative article, and rather than repeat their findings, here is the link to their excellent article, “Effie A. Southworth, First Woman Plant Pathologist Hired at USDA.” 

Fungal specimen collected by Effie Almira Southworth Spaulding curated by NCU

 

PUBLICATIONS (possibly incomplete list):
Southworth, E.  1887.  Notes and News.  Botanical Gazette 12:171.
Southworth, Effie A.  1889.  Reviewed Work:  Preliminary Report on smut in Oats by Kellerman, Swingle and Singers.  J. Mycol. 5(4):  218-219.
Southworth, Effie A.  1889.  Reviewed Work:  Preliminary Report on Sorghum Blight by W. A. Kellerman.  J. Mycol. 5(1):  43-44. 
Southworth, E. A.  1889.  Gloeosporium nevisequum (Fckl.) Sacc.  J. Mycol. 5(2):  51-52.
Southworth, E. A.  1890.  A new hollyhock disease. 
J. Mycol.  6(2):  45-50.
Southworth, E. A.  1890.  Anthracnose of cotton.  J. Mycol. 6(3):  100-105.
Galloway, B. T. and E. A. Southworth.  1890.  Preliminary notes on a new and destructive oat disease.  J. Mycol.  6(2):  72-73. 
Southworth, E. A.  1890.  A new hollyhock disease (Colletotrichum althaeae).  Amer. Naturalist 24, No. 286.
Southworth, E. A. 1891.  Reviewed Work:  Der Flasche Mehltau, sein Wesen und seine Bekampfung by J. Morgenthaler.  J. Mycol. 7(1):  51-52.
Southworth, E. A.  1891.  Ripe rot of grapes and apples.  J. Mycol.  6(4):  164-173.
Galloway, B. T., E. A. Southworth, J. B. Ellis, B. M. Everhart and W. Anderson.  1891.  Notes.  J. Mycol. 6(3):  113-117.  [Southworth’s contribution is on pp. 115-6 and is subtitled “Additional observations on anthracnose of the hollyhock.”]
Southworth, Effie A.  1891.  Notes on some curious fungi.  Bull. Torrey Bot. Club  18(10):  303-304.
Galloway, B. T. and E. A. Southworth.  1889.  Treatment of Apple Scab.  J. Mycol.  5(4):  210-214.
Southworth, Effie A. 1889.  Reviewed Work:  Recherches experimentales sur les maladies de la vigne by Mm. Pierre Viala, L. Ravaz.  J. Mycol. 5(1):  45-46.
Southworth, Effie A. 1889.  Reviewed Work:  Ueber die Sclerotienkrankheit der Vaccinen-Beeren by M. Woronin.  J. Mycol. 5(1):  39-41.
Southworth, Effie A.  1889.  Reviewed Work:  Peritheces du Black-Rot by Prillieux.  J. Mycol. 5(1):  45.
Southworth, Effie A.  1889.  Reviewed Work:  Funghi parassiti delle piante coltivate od utile, essiccati, delineati e descritti by G. Briosi and F. Cavara.  J. Mycol. 5(1):  46.
Southworth, Effie A. 1889.  Reviewed Work:  Entomogenous Fungi by Alfred Girard.  J. Mycol. 5(3):  169-174.
Southworth, E. A.  1889.  Reviewed Work:  A monograph of the British Uredineae and Ustilagineae by Charles R. Plowright.  J. Mycol. 5(2):  103-105.
Southworth, E. A. 1889.  Reviewed Work:  Smut of wheat and oats by J. C. Arthur. J. Mycol. 5(3):  165-167.
Southworth, Effie A.  1889.  Reviewed Work:  Ueber Rostpilze, deren Teleutosporen kurz nach ihrer Reife keimen by Paul Dietel.  J. Mycol. 5(4):  217-218.
Southworth, Effie A.  1889.  Reviewed Work:  On Macrosporium parasiticum by A. E. Shipley.  J. Mycol. 5(3):  178-179.
Hackel, Eduard.  1890.  The True Grasses.  New York:  Holt.  Translated by F. Lamson-Scribner and E. A. Southworth.
Southworth, E. A.  1891.  Reviewed Work:  Untersuchungen aus dem Gesammtgebiete de Mykologie.  Heft IX.  By Oscar Brefeld.  J. Mycol. 7(1):  50-51.
Southworth, Effie A.  1892.  Reviewed Work:  Monographie du Pourridie des Vignes et des Arbres fruitiers by Pierre Viala.  J. Mycol. 7(2):  149-150. 
Spalding, Effie Southworth.  1905.  Mechanical adjustment of the Suaharo (Cereus giganteus) to varying quantities of stored water.  Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 32(2):  57-68.

 

 

 


   Curriculum in Ecology                 North Carolina Botanical Garden               Biology Department
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University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium
CB# 3280, Coker Hall
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3280
phone: (919) 962-6931

email: mccormickATSIGNunc.edu  

Last Updated: 23 December 2016